The term, usually spelled “classical,” is also used for the literature of any language in a period notable for the excellence and enduring quality of its writers’ works. Thus, both pre-20th century disciplines were labelled "classical" and modern movements in art which saw themselves as aligned with light, space, sparseness of texture, and formal coherence. Although "MacFlecknoe" is satire, it follows the epic heroic tradition in structure. Orderly arrangements of columns, pilasters and lintels, as well as the use of semicircular arches, hemispherical domes, niches and aedicules replaced the more complex proportional systems and irregular profiles of medieval buildings. It places emphasis on symmetry, proportion, geometry and the regularity of parts as they are demonstrated in the architecture of Classical antiquity and in particular, the architecture of Ancient Rome, of which many examples remained. It was particularly expressed in the Enlightenment, and the Age of Reason. The classicism of the Renaissance lead to, and gave way to, a different sense of what was "classical" in the 16th and 17th centuries. Building off of these influences, the seventeenth-century architects Inigo Jones and Christopher Wren firmly established classicism in England. From about 1700 to 1750, the movement picked up in popularity, particularly in England. noun. The term isn't just limited to novels. This style quickly spread to other Italian cities and then to France, Germany, England, Russia and elsewhere. Classicism in Poland, established in the mid-18th century, developed further early in the 19th century; later dubbed pseudoclassicism by scornful Romantic poets, it returned to the forms of ancient literature, especially to Greek and Roman drama, odes, and epic poetry. Such novels, short stories and poetry remain relevant through time. Baroque Classicism (1600-1700) Dryden's poetry, especially "MacFlecknoe" and "Annus Mirabilus," demonstrate classicism by following the form of Ancient Greek and Roman epic poetry. Classic literature is a collective term for works of literature that transcend time and culture to have a universal appeal. English writers included Alexander Pope, Johnathan Swift and Joseph Addison, and the French author Voltaire worked during this period. Samuel Johnson's impact is evident from the term "The Age of Johnson" typically applied to the period. Though the neoclassical era later transitioned into the romantic era, it left behind a prominent footprint which can be seen in the literary works of today. Studying ancient Greek became regarded as essential for a well-rounded education in the liberal arts. The term can be confusing, because it has taken on many other meanings. The Age of the Enlightenment identified itself with a vision of antiquity which, while continuous with the classicism of the previous century, was shaken by the physics of Sir Isaac Newton, the improvements in machinery and measurement, and a sense of liberation which they saw as being present in the Greek civilization, particularly in its struggles against the Persian Empire. Various movements of the romantic period saw themselves as classical revolts against a prevailing trend of emotionalism and irregularity, for example the Pre-Raphaelites. The Classic Age CLASSICISM is a body of doctrine thought to be derived from or to reflect the qualities of ancient Greek and Roman culture,. University of Colorado Boulder: Classic, Classical and Classicism, Carson-Newman University: Early Periods of Literature, Goucher College: John Dryden, "MacFlecknoe" (1684) "Annus Mirabilis" (1667) Criticism, The City University of New York: Alexander Pope: Translation and the Heroic Ideal in the Augustan Age, Vassar College: The Sources of Johnson's Dictionary.