Transportation History. It could take months to travel across the United States in the early 1800s. In Nigeria, the history of transport dates back to the pre-colonial era when today’s transport such as road, rail, water and air transport were non-existent and only the pedestrian bush path like a jigsaw of small disjointed sections was readily available and gladly used by people to move from one place to another. Freight and cargo transportation, passenger boats such as charters and ferries, and commercial fishing are all categories within the maritime industry, and rely on watercraft for water transportation. Methods of transportation fall into three categories: Aqueducts, which include pipelines, canals, and tunnels. Michelle Gillespie at Agnes Scott College and Lesa Campbell of the Southeastern Railway Museum explain how it took the steam powered locomotive to bring about a transportation revolution in Georgia. Historically, water transportation became very important because of man’s tendency to settle down around water bodies. History >> Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution completely changed the way people traveled and how goods were transported. The first settlers ventured only into those areas that were accessible by water and boats; canoes were the primary mode of transportation on the nation's lakes and rivers. Transportation 19thc America. They also provided an efficient means of transportation for individuals, military troops, and cargo, as well as for kings and statues of gods in religious ceremonies. Early Steam Trains, 1700-1840. Later, canals were constructed. The first mode of transportation was created in the effort to traverse water: boats. The story of transportation is not only intriguing but encapsulates the technological innovation very well. By Tim Lambert. For example, a water barge can move one ton of cargo 514 miles with just one gallon of gas compared with 202 miles by train and only 59 miles by truck. The Tigris and Euphrates Rivers and the canals that connected them did more than just nourish the crops in the fields. The Chicago Portage is the small watershed which separates the Chicago River from the Des Plaines River. Donkeys and horses were probably domesticated between 4,000 and 3,000 BC (obviously the exact date is not known). The first form of transport was, of course, Shanks pony (the human foot!). The south shore of Lake Erie provides the outlet for many rivers; historically, a town developed at the mouth of most of them. History of Transportation . Growth of the Transportation System ppt. This topic examines transport, in all its forms, namely; land, water and air. Around 3500 BC, the first wheeled vehicles were used. Fortunately, human beings learned to use animals such as donkeys, horses and camels for transportation from 4000 BC to 3000 BC. Water transportation was very important as Mesopotamia was set between two rivers, the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers. For all 3, the catalyst was canal construction, with each serving as … Though the origin of the dugout boat still remains one of history’s great mysteries, but it does indicate that man had known how to travel on water long before other means of transport developed. Water transport is commonly used by the maritime industry, which includes several sub-categories. Waterways are the key to the history of Chicago transportation. Historically, societies have always located near water, due partly to the fact that water enables more efficient travel compared to going over land. The Transportation Revolution. Water transportation consumes less energy and allows larger shipping loads compared to trucking, railroads or air. 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