... Charlene Kelner was one of many out to catch an Atlantic salmon. IMAS is a leader in salmon aquaculture research. By Catherine Norwood. Is the future of Atlantic Salmon farming in Australia at sea, or all ashore? Tasmanian Atlantic salmon are available in fish markets, local supermarkets, and deli stores, and various salmon specialties are served in numerous restaurants on the island and on the Australian mainland. King, or chinook salmon, is a non-native species of salmon farmed by different companies in fresh and marine water in New Zealand. Bad news for Australia’s favorite fish: Atlantic Salmon received a red, “Say No” rating from Australia’s Sustainable Seafood Guide due to the environmental impacts from intensive fish farming practices. Lack of suitable sites will most likely limit the expansion of the industry there. Farm-raised Atlantic salmon housed in pens off the coast of British Columbia were infected with a serious and highly contagious disease that caused jaundice, heart and skeletal inflammation, and ultimately, organ failure. The Atlantic Salmon is native to the North Atlantic but was introduced to Australia for farming in the 1970's. Eligible farming systems under the Scheme include the freshwater and marine stages of farmed Atlantic salmon production where the provisions of these Standards are met. Aquaculture is the fastest growing animal food-production sector worldwide – and Tasmania is significantly expanding its salmon farming capacity. Salmonid Aquaculture ( Atlantic Salmon and Trout) is one of the most important fishery sectors in Australia and is focussed on sea pen aquaculture in the southeast of Tasmania. Christine Materia says the salmon farming company should be fined for the incident. In their natural habitat, they are usually (see habitat) an anadromous species (i.e. spend part of their life-cycle in both fresh and salt water), living in temperate coastal freshwater rivers fringing the north Atlantic Ocean for the first 1-6 years of their life. Atlantic salmon undergo a complex reproductive cycle. Salmon farming in NZ is a small-scale industry, relative to both Australian and global salmon farming. The area has favourable sea temperatures and its relative isolation from other wild and cultured Atlantic salmon avoids some of the major infectious disease problems. Salmon farming reached Tasmania in 1984, with the importation of eggs from Nova Scotia, Canada. It is an issue that has generated much local debate in the state of Tasmania and was a focus of the ‘Planning for a Blue Future’ Global Salmon Symposium in Tasmania in December, along with biosecurity and environmental issues. In 2016, the equivalent of 1.69kg of wild-caught fish was used for every 1kg of Atlantic salmon produced and the future aim is to produce more kg of salmon than kg of other fish used in its production. The RSPCA’s Standards for farmed Atlantic salmon focus on ensuring good farming practices, fish handling, husbandry and management. Successfully introduced into Australia in the 1960s, Atlantic Salmon have become one of the country’s highest value and volume fisheries products. It is the only species farmed in NZ, and this rating applies to both farming sectors. Atlantic Sapphire calls its technology Bluehouse because it’s like a greenhouse with ideal growing conditions, but for fish. Luckily, the Guide also points consumers towards wiser seafood options by drawing upon comprehensive and up-to-date research. RSPCA APPROVED FARMING SCHEME STANDARD — FARMED ATLANTIC SALMON MAY 2020 Eligibility These Standards apply to farmed Atlantic salmon kept in eligible farming systems in Australia. 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